आयकर की दर में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं No Change in the Rate of Personal Income-Tax

व्‍यक्तिगत आयकर और कंपनियों के आयकर की दर में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं No Change in the Rate of Personal Income-Tax and Tax for Companies

वित्‍त वर्ष 2015-16 में व्‍यक्तिगत आयकर और कंपनियों के आयकर की दर में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं 

एक करोड़ से अधिक की आय वाले व्‍यक्तियों, एचयूएफ, एओपी, बीओई, फर्मों, कॉओपरेटिव सोसाइटियों और स्‍थानीय प्राधिकरणों पर 12 प्रतिशत की दर से अधिभार 

केंद्रीय वित्‍त मंत्री श्री अरुण जेटली ने आज लोकसभा में वर्ष 2015-16 का आम बजट पेश करते हुए व्‍यक्तिगत आयकर की दर में कोई बदलाव न किए जाने का प्रस्‍ताव किया है। अपनी बजटीय घोषणा में उन्‍होंने कहा कि वित्‍त वर्ष 2015-16 में अर्जित आय के संदर्भ में कंपनियों के कर में भी किसी तरह का बदलाव नहीं किया जाएगा और यह वर्ष 2016-17 के लिए भी लागू होगी। 

हालाकि वित्‍त मंत्री ने एक करोड़ से अधिक की आय वाले व्‍यक्तियों, एचयूएफ, एओपी, बीओई, फर्मों, कॉओपरेटिव सोसाइटियों और स्‍थानीय प्राधिकरणों पर 12 प्रतिशत की दर से अधिभार लगाने का प्रस्‍ताव किया है। एक करोड़ से लेकर 10 करोड़ तक की आय वाली घरेलू कंपनियों के मामले में 7 प्रतिशत और 10 करोड़ से ज्‍यादा की आय वाली घरेलू कंपनियों पर 12 प्रतिशत की दर से अधिभार लगाया गया है। 

श्री अरुण जेटली ने आगे प्रस्‍ताव करते हुए कहा कि एक करोड़ से 10 करोड़ तक की आय वाली विदेशी कंपनी के मामले में अधिभार दो प्रतिशत की दर से यथावथ रहेगा और 10 करोड़ से ज्‍यादा आय वाली विदेशी कंपनियों पर पांच प्रतिशत की दर से अधिभार जारी रहेगा। 

सार्वभौमिक गुणवत्‍ता आधारित शिक्षा प्रदान और वित्‍त पोषित करने की सरकार की वचनबद्धता को पूर्ण करने के लिए सभी करदाताओं के लिए वित्‍त वर्ष 2015-16 में आयकर पर 2 प्रतिशत की दर से शिक्षा उपकर और कर पर माध्‍यमिक एवं उच्‍चतर शिक्षा उपकर पर 1 प्रतिशत कर अतिरिक्‍त प्रभार लगाने का प्रस्‍ताव किया गया है।

No Change in the Rate of Personal Income-Tax and The Rate of Tax for Companies on Income in Financial Year2015-16 

Surcharge @12% Levied on Individuals, HUFs, AOPs, BOIs, Artificial Juridical Persons, Firms, Cooperative Societies and Local Authorities Having Income Exceeding Rs 1 Crore

The Union Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley in his Budget Speech in Lok Sabha today proposed no change in the rate ofpersonal Income-tax. He announced the tax proposals with no change in the rate of tax for companies in respect of theincome earned in the financial year 2015-16, assessable in the assessment year 2016-17. 

However, Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley proposed to levy a surcharge at the rate of 12% on individuals, HUFs, AOPs, BOIs, artificial juridical persons, firms, cooperative societies and local authorities having income exceeding Rs 1 crore. Surcharge in the case of domestic companies having income exceeding Rs 1 crore and upto Rs 10 crore is proposed to be levied @ 7% and surcharge @ 12% is proposed to be levied on domestic companies having income exceeding Rs 10 crore. 

Shri Jaitley further proposed that in the case of foreign companies the surcharge will continue to be levied @ 2% if theincome exceeds Rs 1 crore and is upto Rs 10 crore, and @ 5% if the income exceeds Rs 10 crore. 

It is also proposed to levy a surcharge @ 12% as against current rate of 10% on additional income-tax payable by companies on distribution of dividends and buyback of shares, or by mutual funds and securitization trusts on distribution of income. 

The education cess on income-tax @ 2% for fulfillment of the commitment of the Government to provide and finance universalized quality based education and 1% of additional surcharge called ‘Secondary and Higher Education Cess’ on tax and surcharge is proposed to be continued for the financial year 2015-16 for all taxpayers. 


FOR LIVE: Union Budget 2015 REFRESH THE


States to be equal partners in economic growth; move to making India cashless society; social sector programmes to continue.

12.33 p.m.: The Finance Minister tables the Union Budget, Statement of Receipts and Expenditure and the Finance Bill in Parliament after completing his speech.
12.32 p.m.: DTC - No merit in going ahead with Direct tax Code as it exists today. Net impact of tax proposals Rs. 15,068 crore.
12.31 p.m.: Yoga - included under charitable activites.
12.30 p.m.: Indiviual taxpayer can get benefits up to Rs. 4,44,200.
12.29 p.m.: Transport allowance exemption to be increased to Rs. 1,600 per month.
12.28 p.m.: Rs. 50,000 contribution to new pension scheme. "To make India a pensioned society."
12.27 p.m.: Additional deduction of Rs. 25,000 for differently abled persons.
12.26 p.m.: Increase in limit of deduction of health insurance premium of Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 25,000. For senior citizens, limit will be Rs. 30,000. Very senior citizens - Rs. 30,000 deduction on expenses incurred.
12.25 p.m.: 2 per cent cess on services for Swachch Bharat.
12.24 p.m.: 100 per cent deduction for contribution to Swachch Bharat and Clean Ganga schemes.
12.23 p.m.: Service Tax rate increased to 14 per cent.
12.22 p.m.: Educational cess and higher educational cess to be subsumed as a part of GST.
12.19 p.m.: Wealth tax - Rs. 1,008 crore in 2013-14. Wealth tax to be abolished and replaced with a super-rich tax for those with income of over Rs. 1 crore.
12.17 p.m.: Basic custom duty rate reduced for 22 items.
12.16 p.m.: GAAR - applicability to be deferred by two years.
12.15 p.m.: Allocation for renewable energy
12.10 p.m.: Allocation for agriculture
12.08 p.m.: First proposal is to deal with black money. In the last 9 months, a major breakthrough was achieved when a delegation of the Revenue Department visited Switzerland.

12.07 p.m.: Exemption to individual taxpayers will continue.
12.04 p.m.: Taxation
Basic rate of corporate tax in India is now 30 per cent. But rate of collection is 23 per cent. A regime of exemptions has led to loss of revenue.
Coporate tax rate wil be reduced to 25 per cent over the next four year
12.02 p.m.: Budget estimates
Non-plan expenditure - Rs. 13,12,200
Plan expenditure - Rs. 4,65,277
Fiscal deficit - 3.9% of GDP
12.01 p.m.: Make in India policy for defence equipment - Rs. 2,46,727 crore allocation for defence.
12.00 noon: Rs. 68,968 crore for education sector.
11.57 a.m.: We are making good progress on Digital India.
11.55 a.m.: AIIMS in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Assam. AIIMS-like institution in Bihar. IIT in Karnataka. IIMs in Jammu and Kashmir, and Andhra Pradesh. Centre for Film Production and Animation in Arunachal Pradesh.
11.54 a.m.: Fully IT based student financial aid scheme for higher education.
11.53 a.m.: National Skills Mission for skill development and entrepreneurship - Rs. 1,500 crore.
11.52 a.m.: Procurement law for public contracts. Govt. to introduce Public Contracts (Resolution of Disputes) Bill. Regulatory reform law to be introduced.
11.51 a.m.: Coal - Rs. 75 crore for electric cars production.
11.50 a.m.: Visa on arrival scheme - increased to 150 countries in different stages.
11.49 a.m.: World Heritage Sites - churches and convents of old Goa, Hampi, Elephanta caves, Leh palace, Varanasi temple town, Jallianwala Bagh etc., will be developed to make them more tourist-friendly.
11.48 a.m.: Rs. 1,000 crore additional allocation to the Nirbhaya fund.
11.47 a.m.: Will do away with different types of foreign investment — like FPI and FDI — and replace them with a comprehensive type.
11.46 a.m.: We will look at making India a cashless society by incentivising card transactions.
11.44 a.m.: EPF - Employee may opt for EPF or new pension scheme, employee's contribution to EPF below an income threshold will be optional without reducing employer's contribution.
11.43 a.m.: Direct Tax regime which will be internationally competitive on rates.
11.41 a.m.: Will merge Forward Markets Commision with SEBI. Will set up a public debt management agency.
11.40 a.m.: Rs. 5,000 crore additional allocation for MGNREGA.
11.37 a.m.: Ports will be encouraged to corporatise and become companies under Companies Act.
11.35 a.m.: The govt. is establishing a mechanism for techno-financial incubation and facilitation programme - Rs. 1,000 crore set aside for this.
11.33 a.m.: Investment in Infrastructure will go up by Rs 70,000 crore in 2015-16.
11.32 a.m.: Nayi Manzil scheme - to enable minority youth to obtain school leaving certificate and gain better employment.
11.31 a.m.: Assisted living devices for senior citizens living below the poverty line.
11.30 a.m.: Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana - Rs. 1 per day premium, Rs. 2 lakh coverage.
11.28 a.m.: Accident death risk - Rs 2 lakhs for a premium of Rs. 12 per year. Atal Pension Yojana - defined pension depending on contribution. Govt. will contribute 50 per cent of the amount.
11.27 a.m.: NBFCs registered with RBI above Rs. 5,000 crore to be considered financial institutions.
11.26 a.m.: We will bring a comprehensive bankruptcy code in 2015-16.
11.26 a.m.: Will create Mudra Bank with corpus of Rs. 20,000 crore for microfinance. "We are banking the unbanked and funding the unfunded."
11.25 a.m.: MNREGA - Rs. 34,699 crore
11.23 a.m.: Rs. 8.5 lakh crore of rural credit for the year.
11.21 a.m.: In order to improve soil health, the Agriculture Ministry's organic farming programme, Rs. 5,300 crore for micro-irrigation watershed projects.

11.20 a.m.: Gross disinvestment in loss-making units will be undertaken. DBT will be further expanded from 1 crore to 10.3 crore.

11.17 a.m.: Total public investment will be Rs 1.25 lakh crore. "Will complete the journey to fiscal deficit of 3 per cent in two years and not three years."
11.16 a.m.: Government will continue all social sector programmes like MNREGA, rural schemes etc.

11.14 a.m.: "We have devolved a 42 per cent share of divisible taxes to States. Devolution will be Rs. 5.2 lakh crore in 2015. Total transfer to States will 62 per cent."
11.13 a.m.: "The rural-urban divide is no longer acceptable."
11.12 a.m.: "All our schemes should focus off-centre on the poor. We need to upgrade 80,000 secondary schools."
11.11 a.m.: Housing for all by 2022 announced — 2 crore in rural areas, 5 crore in urban areas.
11.10 a.m.: Estimated GDP for 2015-16 will be between 8 and 8.5 per cent.
11.08 a.m.: We have embraked on two other programmes now — GST and JAM Trinity. GST will be implemented by April 2016 says Mr. Jaitley.

11.07 a.m.: Mr. Jaitley puts forth three achievements of the new government — the success of the Jan Dhan Yojana, coal auctions and Swachch Bharat Abhiyan. "We will attain the target of building 6 crore toilets. It's at a deeper level a programme of preventive healthcare."
11.05 a.m.: "The people of India have voted resoundingly for quick change, faster growth and high levels of transparency. We have lived up to that trust."
11.04 a.m.: "We inherited a sentiment of doom and gloom. We have come a long way since then. The CAD for the year is expected to be below 1.3% of GDP. Foreign exchange reserves have risen to $340 billion."
11.02 a.m.: "The credibility of the Indian economy has been reestablished," says Mr. Jaitley. "We are a round-the-clock, round-the-year government."

11 a.m.: Arun Jaitley begins his Budget speech. "We have embraced the States as equal partners in the process of economic growth."

10.50 a.m.: Budget documents arrive at the Parliament. Photo: Sandeep Saxena

10.45 a.m.: The Swachch Bharat Abhiyan has a target of building 120 million toilets over five years with an investment of Rs. 2 lakh crore. But the FY '15 target of 12 million targets seems set to be missed.
10.34 a.m.: Which are India’s most effective subsidies, the ones that best reach the poor?
Read The Hindu's National Data Editor Rukmini S.' analysis on how India's Rs. 3.8 lakh crore subsidies don’t always reach the poor.
10.25 a.m.: Take a look at how our Business team demystified the Economic Survey 2014-15, in a live chat with our readers.
10.20 a.m.: Before the Budget speech begins, familiarise yourself with terms that will be used in the speech using our glossary.
10.15 a.m.: Do you know which former Finance Minister used to be a soap salesman and eventually became the first Minister to lose his job over a scam? Head over to our Budget quiz to answer this and more.
10.10 a.m.: The Hindu's headlines on previous Union Budgets, over the years.
10:05 a.m.: From mass rapid transit system to standardisation of taxes to higher budgetary spending and steps to curb prices, here are a series of measures that might transform Chennai:


PMC Budget 2015: No provision for counselling civic school students

In the 300-odd PMC schools across the city, there are 55 counsellors helping nearly one lakh 60,000 students. But the fate of counselling seems to be uncertain as the PMC has not made any allowance in its proposed budget document for the next fiscal.

The Academy of Personality Development, an NGO that is also into counselling services, says that while successive PMC commissioners, including the present one, agreed on the need for counselling in schools, the budget proposal does not reflect this view.

Budget 2015: An opportunity to play a long-haul game

PTIUnion Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. File photo

On the corporate tax front, rationalisation of the corporate tax rate is of top priority.

The first full year budget of this government is awaited with bated breath. Expectations are higher than normal more so since there are reports that big-bang announcement are in the offing.

Get Budget 2015 SMS notifications on your mobile

New Delhi: As the Modi government unveils its first and highly anticipated annual budget 2015 on Saturday, stay completely updated on your mobile phone for the main highlights and key features. 

Just give a missed call on the number 011-3006 2696 to register yourself right away and on Saturday and we’ll send you the top 6 pointers via Twitter from the Budget as SMSes.

The free SMS service is an ABP News TV-Twitter Budget 2015 Partnership.

Stay connected with your favourite news network ABP News on TV and on social media networks as India will be looking forward to wide-ranging reforms that may be announced to revitalize the economy.
Source - abp live.

Problem & Proposed Solution - While processing accidental death claims troubles caused to the beneficiaries, especially widows.


1) While processing accidental death claims Insurance Companies request Post Mortem Report and Police FIR in addition to Death Certificate.
2) In addition to nominees, Insurance Companies request the legal heirs certificates
3) Identity of the Beneficiary. Slightly if the name is mis-spelled then Insurance Companies request village officer's certificate that both are one person itself.

Proposed Solution

We propose the following solutions to the above problems.

1) In the Death Certificate itself, the local body (Panchayat / Municipality / Corporation) shall be entering the cause of the death (Accident / Disease / Natural Death or whatever). In such a case, please do not trouble the claim seekers by asking for FIR & Post Mortem Report.
2) In the Death Certificate itself, the name of legal heirs shall be mentioned. In such cases, please do not ask for Legal heir certificate and trouble the widows / beneficiaries.
3) Now a days, every one has bank accounts. While the subscriber is alive itself, let us link the policy with the beneficiary's bank accounts. Then there is no confusion about who the beneficiary is.

Advantages of proposed solution:
1) By doing this we are averting the requirement of Police FIR, Post Mortem Report & Legal Heir certificate and Village officer's certificate if needed.2) If we reduce one document, then that much multiple visit and chances of bribery is reduced3) Insurance claim shall be made a simple easy process with little chance for being subject to extortion corruption. Claim can be processed before Cremation
Let us make India the first country in the world to process the accidental death claim in the fastest pace.

Source - Facebook - Aravind Gangadharan

My Story : I Wanted To Adopt A Child In India : This Is Everything I Learned..

Read how Rajeshwari Sharma traveled from being completely clueless to finally adopting a baby girl. With the never ending paper work, long wait lists and legal wrnagles, adoption in India is not as easy as it looks. Here is all you need to know about what might be one of the most trying but ultimately fulfilling time of your life.
“Meet the PAPs,” exclaimed our friend while introducing us to other guests at a charity dinner event hosted at a luxury hotel in Bandra. Within seconds, the grey cells were doing multiple somersaults to decode this new term the ears had just registered.
Even before I could grasp what was going on, our right hands went through at least a dozen handshakes and congratulatory messages as my reaction went from startled, cringing to smiling shyly – all in the matter of a few minutes. At the first opportunity, I dragged this friend to a corner and demanded angrily to know what was PAPs? “Prospective adoptive parents, my dear,” she exclaimed with a wide grin and disappeared into the gathering.
Photo: heartofthematterseminars.wordpress.com
I nearly had a panic attack. We were still not sure if we wanted a baby at all – whether through adoption or biological means (the idea of adopting a child had just stemmed in our mind as the ‘cynical us’ did not want to add another soul to this big, bad, overpopulated world. It was one of those thoughts we keep having like wanting to live in the hills or do farming). And here we were, being introduced as PAPs!

My first thought was, what if we do not adopt? What if we decide to be childless? Will we be castigated by the very same people, who are venerating us right now?

10888883_894080010616496_7339618523172809839_nPhoto: CSA Facebook
The next half hour was all about meeting at least five proud adoptive parents (APs, pronounced as apps), including our hosts parents Shibani and Vipul Prashad Jain, who are adoptive parents themselves and founders of a group called Catalysts for Social Action (CSA), a Pune-based NGO that helps find homes for rural orphans; the grand dame behind the cause, Bharati Das Gupta, one of the co-founders of CSA and grandmother to Jain’s adopted children; and well-known choreographer and adoptive parent Sandeep Soparrkar, who also happens to be CSA’s brand ambassador.

How Adoption Works:

Children (below 6 years) whose care-takers are unable to care for them can be relinquished at an Adoption agency after following due process. Likewise, a child found abandoned and whose caretakers cannot be traced, if eligible, can be declared ‘legally free for adoption’ by the Child Welfare Committee. A court-committed child can come into adoption through the Juvenile Welfare Board.
The flurry of introductions, congratulatory messages, stories of joy of parenthood and advice became so unbearable at one point of time that I unmindfully picked a glass of red wine from a passing steward. The husband gave me one of his cross-eyed looks, which I completely ignored. A Ninja fight was going on in my head, and wine would bring truce. If I could, I would have got myself into a medicated coma.
With the promise of taking the stage in next year’s charity dinner (adoptive parents under the tutelage of Soparrkar perform a dance repertoire at the charity event every year), we finally left the love fest, much later than we had initially planned for.

Life as a PAP is not an easy one. And it only gets more confusing if you are not totally sure if you want to be a parent in the first place.

Photo: facenfacts.com
It is a bitter sweet time – rife with a lot of ifs and buts; introspection and more introspection, debate over preferred gender and the resulting charge of gender discrimination (later, during the course of adopting procedure, I was told by this agency in Nanded that our insistence for a baby girl is in a way discriminatory after we said no to an adoptable baby boy), multiple calls to social workers of adoption agency and friends who are adoptive parents, seeking the services of an adoption counsellor to counsel fuming parents (in my case, parents-in-law), whether to keep it private or share with friends and family as one would do for any life event and above all, dealing with adoption cynics and people in your lives, who equate parenthood with apocalypse.

In India, one can adopt under three key legislations:
The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956
The Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 and
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act of 2000, amended in 2006
There are warm, gooey moments, too. We were pleasantly surprised by the support coming in from unexpected quarters, complete strangers (adoptive parents) opening their homes and hearts to us.

At times like these, it feels like all humanity is indeed one big family.

Photo: indiannewsandtimes.com
All adoptions in India are required to follow the procedure for in-country or inter-country adoption set out by the Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA), which operates as part of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India.

Related Read: DCCW: A Cradle of Hope for Abandoned, Physically or Mentally Challenged Children

Although adopting looks like a seemingly simple procedure, yet it is wrought with often long waits as you have to complete a mountain of paperwork, cool your heels at numerous government offices for proofs that you are capable of taking care of a child, get a home study report that evaluates the conduciveness of the home environment, and wait in a serpentine queue of parents registered with adoption agencies that will match you with your child.

The last bit may sound confounding as we have millions of orphans in our country. True, but the number of adoptable (legally free to be adopted) children is extremely less.

Photo: Asianews.it
It’s been close to two years since we started the adoption procedure. But thanks to CSA, we were able to meet a baby girl and boy at a CARA-recognized children’s home in Nanded in less than two months of registering with CSA.
The process
Submission of documents (prescribed by CARA) validating the parents ability to care for a child.
An assessment of the capability of the prospective parents to look after an adopted child, by way of a home-study by a professional Social worker.
Selecting the child and taking her home under foster care.
Filing of the Court petition and scrutiny of the dossier by the Scrutiny Agency.

We traveled to the children’s home and came face to face with the reality of homeless children. The entire experience at the home was so emotionally overwhelming that we came back dumbfounded and without being able to make any decision.

Things remained in a limbo for a very long time and we went back to living our carefree lives. We even justified in our heads that we are better off without a child.
gypsy-orphans-indiaPhoto: heavenschildren.wordpress.com
However, in a recent turn of events, which is nothing short of a miracle, the parents-in-law took upon themselves the onus of bringing in an adopted grand-daughter. We are about to meet a baby girl again. Hopefully, this time we will graduate from being PAPs to parents (I don’t like the APs term. Parents are parents. Right?) and get introduced as “meet the parents”.
- Rajeshwari Sharma
Source - the better india

9 stories which the media has underplayed

1. Coal windfall: 2G was such a big scam that it made it to No. 2 in the list of Time magazine’s Top 10 Abuses of Power (only the Watergate scandal was ahead). Then the Coalgate scam was touted to be much bigger.

The Indian media rubbished the claim strongly. Now with the way coal auctions are going it is clear that the figure of Rs 2 lakh crore is conservative and the final amount will be much higher.

Three things are clear…

a) The governments of India are in for a windfall.

b) There was a whopping scam.

c) Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who is Coal Minister is under a severe cloud.

This translates into banner headlines but for some strange reason the media is quite lukewarm about the whole affair.

2. Decline in Kashmir terrorism: Terrorism began in Kashmir in 1990 when for the first time more than 1000 people died in a year. That number kept going up and peaked in 2001 when the toll crossed 4000.

However then 9/11 happened and the tables were turned. More people started dying in Pakistan and less in Kashmir. In 2008 for the first time since 1990, less than 100 civilians and less than 100 security forces died.

Since 2011, the combined toll for civilians and security forces has been less than 100 every year. Kashmir is becoming more and more peaceful and the high turnout in the recently concluded State Assembly elections was an indication of that.

3. Sunanda Pushkar death case: In January 2014, Union Minister Shashi Tharoor’s wife Sunanda was involved in a Twitter spat with Pakistani journalist Mehr Tarar and frantically called journalists invoking both IPL and ISI conspiracies.

When she was found dead suspiciously in a hotel room soon after, the media curiously played down the story. They may have totallyoverplayed it in January 2015, but they underplayed it in January 2014 for reasons known best to them.

4. Mexico’s drug war: Everyone agrees that drugs are a menace and there should be a war against them. However there is one country that has declared war on the drug cartel. Way back in 2006. More than 10,000 cartel members have been killed, more than one lakh detained and the convictions have crossed 8000.

And yet many Indians are totally unaware that such a drug war is taking place.

5. Boko Haram: They have similar goals like the Islamic State and have been killing for ages too and yet they get very little media coverage. The biggest story was when they kidnapped schoolgirls, but otherwise their killings sprees don’t even make news let alone front page headlines.

Listed here are some of their activities: 10 deadly Boko Haram attacks. 

6. Death of nuclear scientists: After the high profile Indo-US nuclear which almost brought down a government and may have got Prime Minister Manmohan Singh re-elected in 2009, the nuclear scene went cold thanks to the liability clause.

But that wasn’t the only thing. Indian nuclear scientists also have been dying mysteriously in the last couple of years. It is a story worthy of investigative journalism, but it is only an RTI activist that brought this fact to light and that was merely reported by some media organizations.

No-one wants to probe this issue further.

7. West Bengal becoming a failed State: In the 1970s, the Congress cracked down on Naxalites and broke the State. The 34-year-old CPM rule derailed the State. Now Mamata Banerjee in charge is proving to be worse than the two.

Intolerance has increased, the Saradha scam has rocked the leadership and the amount of bombs being discovered is alarmingly high. While individual events are reported here and there, there is no comprehensive coverage on how West Bengal is on course to become the worst State of India.

8. The end of caste/religion politics: In 2013 Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Vasundhara Raje stormed the hustings based on a lot of development talk. You will hardly find talk of caste and religion in hundreds of election speeches of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Maharashtra, Haryana and Jharkhand were won on promises of good governance. Even Arvind Kejriwal talked of Wi-Fi, power, water, anti-corruption measures etc to storm Delhi. 2013 could well be a landmark year ending caste/religion politics.

But TV channels are still obsessed with caste and religion as headlines like “non-Jat CM” “Brahmin CM in Maratha bastion”, “minority vote” as the media insists on discussing caste and religion politics in detail even though nobody seems interested.

9. How Sonia destroyed India: From 2004-14, Congress President Sonia Gandhi ruled her party men and ministers with an iron fist. She was the power behind the PM’s throne. The period also saw a record number of scams, foreign policy weaknesses, vote seeking out and out populist schemes and lack of governance. 

Yet there were virtually no stories, investigative pieces and TV panel discussions even mildly criticizing her let alone blasting her.

By Sunil Rajguru

Source : SIFY

5 yoga poses every woman should practice

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From a teenager to becoming a mother, menopause and old age women go through different phases of life with many bodily changes. The physical postures combined with the breathing techniques in yoga can offer women with many potential health benefits. In order to stay fit and flexible all the time, Danielle Collins, a face yoga expert who is also a believer and practitioner of yoga, Pilates and well being, lists out top 5 yoga poses that every woman should incorporate into her daily exercise regimen.

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From a teenager to becoming a mother, menopause and old age women go through different phases of life with many bodily changes. The physical postures combined with the breathing techniques inyoga can offer women with many potentialhealth benefits. In order to stay fit and flexible all the time, Danielle Collins, a face yoga expert who is also a believer and practitioner of yoga, Pilates and well being, lists out top 5 yoga poses that every woman should incorporate into her daily exercise regimen.

I would recommend a balance pose, a twist pose, a forward bend/inversion pose, a back bend and a side bend for women.

Back bend: Camel pose

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The camel pose is excellent for strengthening the spine, opening the chest and toning the thighs. If you spend a lot of time sat down, it is a great pose to move the spine in the opposite direction, therefore giving you better posture in everyday life. Only attempt the pose if you know your back is strong enough. Here are some more yoga asanas for upper body strength.

Side bend: Triangle pose

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If you are keen to tone up your waist, have more flexible hamstrings and reduce tension in your shoulders, then add triangle pose to your daily routine. Hold on each side for five breaths or more and you will soon be enjoying a more streamlined, relaxed body. Also, read yoga asana for instant relief from backaches.

Balance pose: One leg standing balance

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Balance is essential for good health. It takes practice but it is worth the effort. It can prevent falls, improve sporting performance and holding balance poses can improve core and lower body strength. Try focusing on one point in front of you tostablilise you and to allow you to hold the pose longer. To challenge yourself further, try closing one eye or both eyes. For an easier alternative, practise against a wall. Here are 4 yoga poses to beat menstrual pain that really work.

Twist pose: Sitting spinal twist

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Bring yourself gently into the posture as shown in the picture. Then, slowly rotate your spine to look over the shoulder where the arm is behind the back. Think about lengthening the spine as well as twisting it. Hold here for five breaths and then repeat the other side. This pose is excellent for releasing any tension in the muscles in either side of the spine. It is also a great detox pose as it boosts blood circulation and helps the lymphatic system remove toxins. It is perfect to do the morning. Here are 7 yoga tips for a happy pregnancy.

Forward bend/inversion pose: Downward facing dog

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Start on hands and knees, then lift your bottom into the air and tuck your toes under. Adjust your legs until comfortable and look towards your knees. If your legs are tight lift alternate heels up to release the hamstrings. This pose is one of the most common poses in yoga and is excellent for quickly releasing tight hamstrings, calves and back. Try these yoga asanas Yyoga asana for thighs, belly fat and buttocks
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The author is the founder of The Danielle Collins Face Yoga Method. To know more about this method, visit www.faceyogaexpert.com

Source - Originally published on www.thehealthsite.com

स्‍वाइन फ्लू से घबराएं नहीं, पर सजग रहें

स साल जनवरी से स्‍वाइन फ्लू धीरे-धीरे लेकिन व्‍यापक स्‍तर पर अपने संक्रमण से परेशान कर रहा है। सवाल यह है कि क्‍या स्‍वाइन फ्लू एक गंभीर बीमारी बन चुकी है? या फिर महज एक मौसमी फ्लू है। एक जनवरी से 15 फरवरी के बीच सरकारी आंकड़े बताते हैं कि लगभग 8423 लोग पूरे भारत में स्‍वाइन फ्लू से संक्रमित हो चुके हैं। दिल्‍ली, गुजरात, राजस्‍थान और तेलंगाना समेत पूरे भारत में अब तक लगभग 596 लोग इस संक्रमण के कारण दम भी तोड़ चुके हैं। लेकिन इस संक्रमण को हमें एक अलग नजरिए से देखने की जरूरत है।

पिछले कई हफ्तों से इस बात पर भी बहसबाजी चल रही है कि इस संक्रमण से हो रही मौतों के लिए सरकार जिम्‍मेदार है या आम नागरिक। अगर इसे सीधे तौर पर देखा जाए तो स्‍वाइन फ्लू भारत में कोई नई बीमारी नहीं है। सबसे सीधी बात तो यह है कि भारत में 2009 में दस्‍तक दे चुकी इस बीमारी ने अपना स्‍वरूप भी नहीं बदला है। इसमें नागरिकों की जगरूकता और सरकार की स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य सेवाएं दुरूस्‍त होने की दरकार है।

मुझे याद है कि 2009 में सुअरों से इंसानों में प्रवेश करने वाले कीटाणु स्‍वाइन फ्लू ने पूरी दुनिया में महामारी का रूप लिया था। उस वक्‍त मैक्सिको से शुरू हुए इस संक्रमण ने पूरे भारत में लाखों लोगों को प्रभावित किया था। विश्‍व स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य संगठन के अनुसार स्‍वाइन फ्लू सबसे पहले 1918 में एक संक्रमण के रूप में सामने आया था। ये पहला समय था जब सुअरों के बीच में रहने वाले इंसानों के भीतर इस वायरस ने हमला किया। हालांकि इस वायरस से उतने ज्‍यादा लोगों की मौत की खबरें सामने नहीं आई थीं। पिछले दशकों में स्‍वाइन फ्लू के कम मामलों के सामने आने के पीछे बड़ा कारण अंडर रिपोर्टिंग रहा है। मतलब भारत समेत दुनिया के तमाम देशों में अगर स्‍वाइन फ्लू का संक्रमण बहुत ज्‍यादा भी रहा होगा, तो भी डॉक्‍टरों के सामने नहीं आने की वजह से रिपोर्ट नहीं हो पाए होंगे।

स्‍वाइन फ्लू की रिपोर्टिंग को लेकर इस बार सरकार भी यही कह रही है। मसलन इस साल 15 फरवरी तक दिल्‍ली में लगभग 1300 से ज्‍यादा स्‍वाइन फ्लू के मामले सामने आ चुके हैं पर इसकी वजह से मात्र 6 लोगों की मौत हुई है। हाल ही में केन्‍द्रीय स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य मंत्रालय ने बताया कि राजधानी दिल्‍ली में स्‍वाइन फ्लू के जरा से लक्षण सामने आने पर भी आम लोग अपनी जांच करा रहे हैं। समय पर जांच हो जाने के कारण सही समय पर इलाज भी शुरू हो रहा है। यही कारण है कि इस साल इतने ज्‍यादा मामले बढ़ने के बावजूद मृत्‍यु दर कम है। लेकिन इसके उलट इस साल राजस्‍थान (1631 मामले/130 मौत), गुजरात (1233 मामले/117 मौत), तेलंगाना (969 मामले/45 मौत), महाराष्‍ट्र (352 मामले/51 मौत) और मध्‍यप्रदेश में (192 मामले/56 मौत) के मामले सामने आए हैं। लेकिन अगर इस साल के कुल स्‍वाइन फ्लू के संक्रमित और मार गए लोगों की बात करें, तो 2009 और 2010 में हुए मामलों से कोई तुलना नहीं है। मई-दिसंबर, 2009 में स्‍वाइन फ्लू से लगभग 27236 लोग प्रभावित हुए थे। इनमें से 981 लोगों की मौत भी हुई। इसी तरह 2010 में 20604 लोग संक्रमित हुए और 1763 लोगों ने दम तोड़ा। सरसरी निगाह से इन आंकड़ों को कोई भी देखा, तो पता लग सकता है कि देश में स्‍वाइन फ्लू के मामलों में बहुत ज्‍यादा कमी आई।

इलाज की बात करें तो 2009 में बाजार में आई टमीफ्लू ही सबसे कारगर दवा साबित हो रही है। भले गुजरात और राजस्‍थान में दवाओं की कमी की बात लगातार खबरों में आती रही है। लेकिन केन्‍द्र और राज्‍य सरकारों की माने तो ये ही दो ऐसे राज्‍य हैं, जो न सिर्फ अपने स्‍थानीय मरीजों तक दवा पहुंचा रहे हैं, बल्कि अन्‍य राज्‍यों को भी दवाई मुहैया करा रहे हैं। अब चुनौती इस बात की है कि क्‍या सरकारी मशीनरी स्‍वाइन फ्लू से लड़ने में नाकाम हो रही है या आम जनता के बीच जागरूकता की भारी कमी है। अखबारों और टीवी में आ रही खबरों से परे बहुत ही कम लोग जानते हैं कि स्‍वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण क्‍या हैं।

विश्‍व स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य संगठन के अनुसार स्‍वाइन फ्लू को पहचानने के कुछ बड़े ही आसान तरीके हैं। पहला, इसे ''ए-श्रेणी'' कहते है- अगर किसी व्‍यक्ति को जुकाम हो रहा हो, नाक बह रही हो, सांस लेने में तकलीफ हो रही हो, गले से ऊपर दर्द और हल्‍का बुखार हो तो एक बार डॉक्‍टरी जांच जरूर करा लेना चाहिए। ''बी-श्रेणी'' में ऐसे मरीज आते हैं जिनकी इम्‍युनिटी बहुत कम होती है और दर्द गले से छाती तक फैली हो और सांस लेने में ज्‍यादा तकलीफ हो रही हो। तीसरे यानी सी श्रेणी में ऐसे लोग आते हैं, जो डायबटीज के मरीज हों या फिर 50 साल से ज्‍यादा उम्र के हों या एचआईवी/एड्स के मरीज हों। डॉक्‍टर और स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य विशेषज्ञ कहते हैं कि पहली श्रेणी का स्‍वाइन फ्लू आम मौसमी फ्लू जैसा ही है। जिसमें सही खान-पान और आराम करने से अपने आप चला जाता है। दूसरी श्रेणी के लोगों के लिए किसी भी तरह के फ्लू को गंभीरता से लेने की जरूरत होती है और ऐसे लक्षण पाए जाने पर तुरंत डॉक्‍टरी सलाह लेना जरूरी है। इसके अलावा आखिरी श्रेणी के लोग वो हैं जिन्‍हें सबसे ज्‍यादा स्‍वाइन फ्लू से खतरा हो सकता है। सी श्रेणी के लेागों को हमेशा डॉक्‍टरी सलाह होती है कि ऐसे किसी भी लक्षण के दिखाई देने पर तुरंत अस्‍पताल जाएं।

इन सबके बावजूद ज्‍यादातर फैमिली डॉक्‍टर सीधी सलाह देते हैं कि स्‍वाइन फ्लू के संक्रमण के समय भीड़भाड़ वाले इलाके जैसे बाजार, मेला, शॅपिंग मॉल्‍स, सिनेमा हॉल जैसी जगहों पर जाने से बचें। एक मामूली और महत्‍वपूर्ण बात यह भी है कि कुछ भी खाने से पहले साबुन से हाथ जरूर धोना चाहिए। सभी राज्‍य सरकारों ने स्‍वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण पाए जाने पर मुफ्त जांच की सुविधा सभी स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य केन्‍द्रों में मुहैया कराई है। इसके अलावा संदेह होने पर भी इन स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य केन्‍द्रों में जांच के लिए जाया जा सकता है।

इस बार भले स्‍वाइन फ्लू के मामले में हो-हल्‍ला बहुत ज्‍यादा हो रहा हो। लेकिन अभी भी आपकी अपनी जागरूकता और समझदारी ही इससे निबटने में सबसे ज्‍यादा मदद कर सकती है। स्‍वाइन फ्लू में एक ही वाक्‍य सबसे सटीक फिट होता है 'जानकारी ही बचाव'।

(लेखक दैनिक भास्‍कर में विशेष संवाददाता है)

वि. कासोटिया/एएम/पीएस/वाईबी-191 

पूरी सूची – 17.02.15

नये उपभोक्‍ता युग में चुनौतियों से सामना

वस्‍तुओं एवं सेवाओं के लिए उपभोक्‍ता बाजारों में हाल के वर्षों में काफी बदलाव आया है। वैश्विक आपूर्ति श्रृंखलाओं,अंतरराष्‍ट्रीय व्‍यापार में बढ़ोतरी और ई-कॉमर्स के तीव्र विकास ने उपभोक्‍ताओं के लिए नये अवसर खोल दिए हैं। इसके साथ-साथ, इसने अनुचित व्‍यापार एवं अनुचित व्‍यवसाय प्रचलनों के नये रूपों का जोखिम भी उपभोक्‍ताओं के लिए पैदा कर दिया है।

नी‍तिगत सामंजस्‍य; समन्वित कार्यक्रम क्रियान्‍वयन; नियामकीय कदमों के समन्‍वय एवं एक संस्‍थागत तंत्र के द्वारा आम नागरिकों को सुशासन का लाभ दिलाते हुए अधिकतम परिणाम प्राप्‍त करना ही उपभोक्‍ता मामले विभाग (डीसीए) का लक्ष्‍य है।

नई सरकार के सत्‍ता में आने के तुरंत बाद मूल्‍य वृद्धि, जो कि अनिवार्य वस्‍तुओं के लिए बाजार का द्योतक है,को नरम बनाने के लिए त्‍वरित कदम उठाए गए थे। 4-7-2014 को सभी राज्‍य एवं केन्‍द्र शासित प्रदेशों के खाद्य मंत्रियों का एक राष्‍ट्रीय सम्‍मेलन आयोजित किया गया था। इस सम्‍मेलन में विशेष रूप से खाद्य कीमतों पर मुद्रास्‍फीति के दबाव को कम करने के लिए एक कार्ययोजना अपनाई गई। जुलाई और दिसंबर के बीच नष्‍ट होने वाली वस्‍तुओं की कीमतें अनिवार्य रूप से बढ़ती हैं। राज्‍यों को तहबाजारी तथा कालाबाजारी रोकने एवं इस अवधि के दौरान अनिवार्य वस्‍तुओं की आपूर्ति एवं वितरण को मजबूत बनाने के लिए कदम उठाने को कहा गया है। केन्‍द्र सरकार एवं राज्‍यों द्वारा इस समन्वित कार्रवाई ने 2013 की इस अवधि की तुलना में नष्‍ट होने वाली अनिवार्य वस्‍तुओं की कीमतों को कम करने में मदद की।

डीसीए ने यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिए कि उपभोक्‍ता विवाद निवारण तंत्र उपभोक्‍ताओं की शिकायतों को त्‍वरित,किफायती एवं सरल तरीके से निपटाये, अनुचित व्‍यापार प्रचलनों को रोकने के लिए एक संस्‍थागत व्‍यवस्‍था स्‍थापित करे, उपभोक्‍ता सुरक्षा में उत्‍पाद जवाबदेही की धारणा शामिल करे और मध्‍यस्थता को एक वैकल्पिक विवाद निपटान (एडीआर) व्‍यवस्‍था के रूप में सक्षम बनाए, उपभोक्‍ता सुरक्षा अधिनियम तथा भारतीय मानक ब्‍यूरो अधिनियम में व्‍यापक संशोधनों को अंतिम रूप दिया है।

डीसीए पूरी तरह संचालनगत ई- ऑफिस कार्यक्रम से जुड़ा एक विभाग है। हम ज्‍यादातर काम ऑन लाइन करते हैं और हमारे फाइलों की एक बड़ी संख्‍या इलेक्‍ट्रोनिक फाइलों की है। हम उपभोक्‍ताओं के लाभ के लिए ई- आवेदन भी विकसित कर रहे हैं जो पारदर्शिता तथा निर्णय निर्माण में गति प्रदान करेगा।

डीसीए का उद्देश्‍य जागरुकता एवं शिक्षा के जरिये उपभोक्‍ताओं को अधिकारसंपन्‍न बनाना; अनुचित व्‍यापार प्रचलनों को रोकने के द्वारा उपभोक्‍ता सुरक्षा को बढ़ावा देना; मानको एवं उनके अनुपालन के जरिये गुणवत्‍ता भरोसे एवं सुरक्षा में सक्षम बनाना; और एक किफायती और कारगर शिकायत निवारण तंत्र की सुविधा सुनिश्चित करना है। 

उपभोक्‍ता मामले विभाग का कानूनी माप-पद्धति प्रभाग कानूनी माप पद्धति अधिनियम 2009 के क्रियान्‍वयन के जरिये सटीक वजनों एवं मापों का इस्‍तेमाल सुनिश्चित करने के द्वारा वस्तुओं के लिए ली जा रही कीमत की सही गुणवत्‍ता दिलाकर उपभोक्‍ताओं के हितों की सुरक्षा करता है।

उपभोक्ता उन सभी उत्पादों, जिनकी वे खरीद करते हैं और सेवाएं जिनका इस्तेमाल करते हैं, उनकी गुणवत्ता का भरोसा और सुरक्षा पाने के हकदार हैं। गुणवत्ता भरोसा और सुरक्षाएं भारत के राष्ट्रीय मानदंड निकाय, भारतीय मानक ब्यूरो (बीआईएस) द्वारा वर्णित सख्त मानकों द्वारा अनुशंसित होती हैं।

डीसीए ने बीआईएस अधिनियम में बड़े संशोधनों को अंतिम रुप दिया है। जागो ग्राहक जागो मल्टीमीडिया अभियान उपभोक्ताओं की शिक्षा और जागरूकता को बढ़ाने की दिशा में उपभोक्ता मामले विभाग की एक पहल है। डीसीए के प्रयासों का जोर उन मुख्य क्षेत्रों पर है, जो सभी उपभोक्ताओं को प्रभावित करते है जैसे कृषि, खाद्य, आवास, स्वास्थ्य, परिवहन, वित्तीय सेवाएं, शिक्षा आदि।

उपभोक्ता पक्षसमर्थन पर एक अंतःस्तरीय समूह का गठन किया गया है, जिसके अध्यक्ष डीसीए के सचिव हैं। डीसीए उपभोक्ता शिकायतों के त्वरित और कारगर निपटान को सर्वोच्च प्राथमिकता देता है।

*केसव देसीराजू, भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा, उपभोक्ता मामले, खाद्य एवं सार्वजनिक वितरण मंत्रालय के उपभोक्ता मामले विभाग में सचिव हैं।

source - pib

At 750MW, Madhya Pradesh to get world’s largest solar power plant

BHOPAL: Next year on Independence Day, India will have the world's largest 750MW solar power plant in Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh, which will pip America's much-vaunted 550-megawatt Desert Sunlight solar project in California, commissioned four days ago. 

Acquisition of 1,500 hectares of land for the Rs 4000 crore project is close to completion and government agencies are likely to invite tenders from developers by April. The state government is setting up the plant in a joint venture with Solar Energy Corporation of India. 


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